Contact

Judy Hudson
Director of ECED
Office: 1849
Phone: 566-3246

Mary Schumacher-Hoerner
ECED Instructor
Office: 1844
Phone: 566-3064

Early Childhood Education

Health, Safety and Nutrition

Rationale

Early childhood professionals promote physical and mental health and appropriate nutrition and provide an emotionally and physically safe environment for young children in partnership with their families. Sound health, safety, and nutritional practices provide the foundation for development and learning. Good nutrition is critical to overall development of young children. Meals and snacks encourage good nutrition and eating habits. A safe environment prevents and reduces injuries for young children who are only beginning to recognize dangerous situations.

Recognize and respond to each child’s physical health, intellectual, and emotional well-being, and nutrition and safety needs.

Entry Level

  1. Identify and discuss basic physical health, intellectual, and emotional well-being, and nutritional and safety needs for young children.
  2. Implement basic health, safety, and nutritional practices, including emergency procedures, with young children as required by regulation.

Certificate/Associate Degree Level

  1. Identify and discuss individual physical, intellectual, mental health, nutritional, and safety needs of infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and school-age children, such as allergies, special diets, medications, differing abilities, and specific medical conditions.
  2. Identify and develop strategies and activities with children that promote physical, intellectual, and emotional well-being.
  3. Identify and develop strategies that foster caring relationships between children and others to promote well-being.
  4. Conduct health and safety assessments of children and the environment.
  5. Identify and develop strategies that foster caring relationships between children and others to promote well-being.

Articulate an understanding of indoor and outdoor learning environments that provide opportunities for children to put into practice healthy behaviors (physically, socially, and emotionally).

Entry Level

  1. Identify potential indoor/outdoor environmental hazards and risks and corrective measures that may be taken to ensure children’s safety.
  2. Identify and discuss aspects for the indoor/outdoor environments that promote young children’s physical and emotional well-being.

Certificate /Associate Degree Level

  1. Describe the major health and safety requirements of the New Mexico Child Care Licensing regulations.
  2. Indentify potential indoor/outdoor environments’ hazards and risks, and take corrective measures to ensure children’s safety.
  3. Identify effective ways to establish and maintain expectations for behavior which creates safe environments.
  4. Describe, design indoor/outdoor learning environments that are free of hazards/risks.
  5. Identify strategies for effective supervision of children in indoor/outdoor learning environments.

Use appropriate health appraisal and management procedures, and make referrals when necessary

Entry Level

  1. Discuss the role of the early childhood professional and program in facilitating children’s health.
  2. Identify and discuss possible signs of wellness and illness in young children.
  3. Recognize signs of illness, distress, and possible risks to children’s health and alert appropriate program personnel.

Certificate/Associate Degree Level

  1. Identify activities and strategies that facilitate individual growth and development.
  2. Describe appropriate responses to young children’s individual health needs by conducting regular health screening and recording growth and development on checklists.
  3. Identify appropriate resources for referral for a variety of conditions and situations.

Recognize signs of emotional distress, child abuse, and neglect in young children and use procedures appropriate to the situation, such as initiating discussions with families, referring to appropriate professionals, and in case of suspected abuse or neglect, reporting to designated authorities.

Entry Level

  1. Identify possible signs of emotional distress, child abuse, and neglect in young children
  2. Describe legal obligations and appropriate reporting procedures.
  3. Identify local resources available to children and families that address problems of emotional distress, child abuse, and neglect.

Certificate/Associate Degree Level

  1. Discuss signs of emotional distress, child abuse, and neglect in children.
  2. Describe all state, local, and program reporting procedures.
  3. Describe the importance of recognizing and reporting signs of emotional distress, child abuse, and neglect to families, administrators, and colleagues.
  4. Identify resources that address problems of emotional distress, child abuse, and neglect in young children.

Establish an environment that provides opportunities and reinforcement for children’s practice of healthy behaviors that promote appropriate nutrition, and physical and psychological well-being.

Entry Level

  1. Identify and describe healthy and appropriate behaviors for young children in areas such as hand-washing, toilet procedures, nose-wiping, hair-brushing, face-washing, tooth-brushing, eating habits, and rest/sleep routines.

Certificate/Associate Degree Level

  1. Design practices that lead to healthy behaviors through daily routines that include hand washing, toileting procedures, nose-wiping, rest/sleep time, active movement, and healthy snacks/meals.
  2. Model practices that promote healthy behaviors.

Provide and assure a consistent daily schedule for meals, rest, and sleep as developmentally appropriate.

Entry Level

  1. Identify and discuss the varied signs of fatigue in young children.
  2. Describe how early childhood professionals and programs can ensure the time and space for quiet activities, rest, and sleep as needed by young children.

Certificate/Associate Degree Level

  1. Identify requirements for sleep and rest.
  2. Describe the requirements of the Child & Adult Food Program.
  3. Identify ways to encourage young children to rest/sleep and to awaken gently.

Implement health care and educational activities for children and families based on health nutritional information that is responsive to diverse cultures.

Entry Level

  1. Identify appropriate health and nutrition community resources.
  2. Discuss appropriate health care and nutrition activities for young children that are relevant to the diverse cultures in New Mexico.

Certificate/Associate Degree Level

  1. Design health care and nutrition activities that are developmentally appropriate and that are relevant to the diverse cultures in New Mexico.
  2. Identify strategies to collaborate with families in promoting culturally appropriate health and nutrition practices for young children.

Assist young children and their families, as individually appropriate, in developing decision-making and interpersonal skills that enable them to make healthy choices and establish health-promoting behaviors.

Entry Level

  1. Identify and discuss healthy choices and health-promoting behaviors appropriate for children of various ages in diverse cultures.

Certificate /Associate Degree Level

  1. Plan opportunities in early childhood setting for young children to develop decision-making and interpersonal skills for promoting healthy behaviors.
  2. Model decision-making and interpersonal skills to make healthy choices and health promoting behaviors.
  3. Identify strategies to inform/engage families in developing decision-making and interpersonal skills to make healthy choices.

For more information, please call Judy Hudson at (505) 566-3246. Or send us an email at HudsonJ@sanjuancollege.edu.